John J. Pershing, in full John Joseph Pershing, byname Black Jack, (born September 13, 1860, Laclede, Missouri, U.S.—died July 15, 1948, Washington, D.C.), U.S. Army general who commanded the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in Europe during World War I.
Was Black Jack Pershing a 6 star general?
World War II produced a handful of “five-star” flag officers, with “general of the army” or “fleet admiral” designations but preceding them was a lone “six-star” officer: John Joseph “Black Jack” Pershing, “General of the Armies.” He was the only officer in modern history elevated to that high rank.
Which acronym was given to US forces in WWI?
The American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I.